1.Select and discuss an instructional procedure to teach the…

1.Select and discuss an instructional procedure to teach the chain with a written sequence for using the procedure. Provide a rationale for the instructional procedure selected. 2. Do you think that the Channing method procedure is beneficial in ABA. 3. Do you think that the toile ting  procedure is beneficial in ABA.

 

Answered

The Effectiveness of Chaining as an Instructional Procedure in ABA

Introduction:

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is a therapeutic approach that focuses on understanding and modifying human behavior. In ABA, chaining refers to a teaching procedure that involves breaking down a complex behavior into smaller, more manageable steps. This instructional procedure is commonly used to teach new skills to individuals with developmental disabilities and has proven to be effective in promoting skill acquisition.

Instructional Procedure:

One specific instructional procedure used in ABA is Forward Chaining. This method involves teaching a task by starting with the first step and gradually adding subsequent steps until the entire sequence is learned. The rationale behind forward chaining is based on the idea that starting with an initial step enables learners to experience success early on, leading to increased motivation and engagement.

Written Sequence for Using the Procedure:

1. Identify the target behavior: The first step in using forward chaining is to clearly define the behavior that needs to be taught. This may involve breaking down a complex task into smaller, more manageable steps.

2. Teach the first step: Begin by teaching and reinforcing the first step of the behavior sequence. Use prompts and cues as necessary to ensure successful completion.

3. Add subsequent steps: Once the first step is mastered, gradually introduce and teach the next step in the sequence, while continuing to reinforce the previously learned steps.

Rationale for the Instructional Procedure:

Forward chaining is an effective instructional procedure in ABA for several reasons. Firstly, it allows for gradual learning and mastery of complex tasks by breaking them down into smaller, more easily achievable steps. This helps learners build confidence and motivation as they experience success early on in the learning process. Additionally, forward chaining enables learners to develop a sense of independence and self-regulation, as they are actively engaged in problem-solving and decision-making.

References:

Cooper, J., Heron, T., & Heward, W. (2020). Applied Behavior Analysis. Pearson.

Van Houten, R., Axelrod, S., Bailey, J. S., Favell, J. E., Foxx, R. M., Iwata, B. A., … & Wilczynski, S. M. (1988). The right to effective behavioral treatment. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 21(4), 381-384.

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