Review the following scenarios and indicate which kind of r…

Review the following scenarios and indicate which kind of reinforcement procedure you would employ. Be sure to justify your answers with the literature, as it is possible that there can be more than one possible answer for one or more of the following: Please use the literature uploaded or creditable sources as well.

 

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Strategies for Reinforcement Procedures in Different Scenarios: A Literature-based Analysis

Introduction
Reinforcement procedures play a vital role in shaping behavior and enhancing learning outcomes. The selection of an appropriate reinforcement procedure depends on the specific characteristics of the scenario. This paper aims to analyze different scenarios and recommend suitable reinforcement procedures based on a review of the existing literature.

Scenario 1: Increasing Prosocial Behavior in a Classroom Setting
To promote prosocial behavior among students in a classroom setting, positive reinforcement can be employed. Positive reinforcement involves the presentation of a desirable stimulus following the desired behavior, which strengthens the likelihood of the behavior recurring in the future (Skinner, 1938). Rewards such as praise, privileges, or tangible rewards can be used to reinforce prosocial behavior, such as sharing, helping others, or participating actively in group activities (Barlow et al., 2020). The use of positive reinforcement has been shown to be effective in increasing prosocial behaviors among children and adolescents (Bandura, 1977; Eisenberg, 2000).

Scenario 2: Decreasing Aggressive Behavior in an Elementary School
To decrease aggressive behavior in an elementary school, negative reinforcement can be applied. Negative reinforcement involves the removal of an undesirable stimulus following the desired behavior, which leads to an increase in the likelihood of that behavior occurring again (Skinner, 1938). In this case, the undesirable stimulus could be an aversive consequence, such as time-out or loss of privileges, which is withdrawn when the child demonstrates non-aggressive behavior (Barlow et al., 2020). The use of negative reinforcement, coupled with appropriate disciplinary strategies, has been found to be effective in reducing aggressive behaviors in school settings (Dishion & Patterson, 2016; Webster-Stratton, 2008).

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References:
Bandura, A. (1977). Social Learning Theory. New York: General Learning Press.
Barlow, D. H., Durand, V. M., & Stewart, S. H. (2020). Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach. Cengage Learning.
Dishion, T. J., & Patterson, G. R. (2016). The development and ecology of antisocial behavior. In Handbook of child psychology and developmental science (pp. 1-44). Wiley.
Eisenberg, N. (2000). Emotion, regulation, and moral development. Annual review of psychology, 51(1), 665-697.
Skinner, B. F. (1938). The behavior of organisms: An experimental analysis. New York: Appleton-Century.

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