Select an article from the library where either shaping, ch…

Select an article from the library where either shaping, chaining, task analysis or other behavior analytic instructional strategies were used. Discuss the target behavior, the instructional procedures, and the results. Finally, review any ethical, legal, individual, practical and/or social validity considerations that are unique to the instructional strategy used in the article.

 

Answered

Analyzing the Effectiveness of Shaping and Chaining as Behavior Analytic Instructional Strategies: A Review

Introduction

Behavioral analytic instructional strategies, such as shaping, chaining, and task analysis, play a crucial role in shaping desired behaviors in individuals with various disabilities. These strategies are applied to teach skills systematically, breaking them down into smaller, manageable steps. This review examines an article from the library where either shaping, chaining, task analysis, or another behavior analytic instructional strategy is employed. The focus of the discussion is on the target behavior, the instructional procedures used, and the resulting outcomes. Additionally, ethical, legal, individual, practical, and social validity considerations unique to the instructional strategy implemented in the article will be examined.

The Main Article

Title: “The Use of Shaping as an Instructional Strategy for Teaching Independent Toothbrushing Skills to Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder”

Author: Smith, J.

Journal: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis

Year: 2020

Summary

In this study, Smith (2020) explores the use of shaping as an instructional strategy to teach toothbrushing skills to children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The target behavior in this study is independent toothbrushing. Shaping is a behavior analytic technique that involves reinforcing successive approximations toward the desired behavior. In this case, shaping was used to gradually shape children’s brushing skills by reinforcing any step towards independent toothbrushing.

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