Solved: Due Wednesday april 4, 2018 by 6:00pmPlease follow instructi…

Due Wednesday april 4, 2018 by 6:00pm Please follow instructions as they are given in outline. APA format with reference page Purchase the answer to view it

 

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**The Impact of Climate Change on Biodiversity: A Review**

**Introduction**
Climate change has become a pressing global issue in recent years, with significant impacts observed across various realms of life on Earth. In particular, the effects of climate change on biodiversity have been a subject of great concern. This review examines the potential implications of climate change for biodiversity, focusing on three key areas: species distribution and abundance, species extinction, and ecological interactions.

**Species Distribution and Abundance**
Climate change has the potential to disrupt the distribution and abundance of species, as it alters temperature and precipitation patterns. Many species have already shifted their ranges in response to changing climate conditions. For instance, some bird species are migrating further northward as warmer temperatures enable them to occupy new habitats. This can lead to changes in community composition and ecosystem functioning. Furthermore, the timing of seasonal events, such as flowering or reproduction, may become mismatched with the availability of resources, disrupting key ecological interactions and potentially reducing the fitness of species.

**Species Extinction**
One of the most concerning consequences of climate change is the increased risk of species extinction. A changing climate poses challenges for species with limited dispersal capabilities and specialized environmental requirements. As their habitats are altered or destroyed, these species may not be able to adapt fast enough to survive. Additionally, the fragmentation of habitats due to human activities can impede species’ movements, exacerbating the negative impacts of climate change. It is estimated that a significant proportion of species could be at risk of extinction if global temperatures continue to rise at the current rate.

**Ecological Interactions**
Climate change can disrupt valuable ecological interactions, such as pollination and seed dispersal. For example, shifts in temperature and precipitation can affect the timing and availability of resources, which may result in a misalignment between plants and their pollinators. This can have cascading effects throughout the ecosystem, potentially compromising the reproduction and survival of various species. Additionally, climate change may alter predator-prey relationships, leading to imbalances in ecosystem dynamics.

**Conclusion**
The impact of climate change on biodiversity is a complex issue that requires urgent attention and action. It is essential to monitor species’ responses to changing environmental conditions and implement conservation strategies to mitigate the risks. Additionally, further research is needed to better understand the potential long-term consequences of climate change on ecological interactions and to develop effective adaptation strategies for both individual species and entire ecosystems. Ultimately, addressing climate change and its impacts on biodiversity is crucial for the preservation of the planet’s natural heritage and the well-being of future generations.

**References:**
1. Parmesan, C., & Yohe, G. (2003). A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems. Nature, 421(6918), 37-42.
2. Thomas, C. D., et al. (2004). Extinction risk from climate change. Nature, 427(6970), 145-148.
3. Walther, G. R., et al. (2002). Ecological responses to recent climate change. Nature, 416(6879), 389-395.

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