Solved: in pure water an animal cell will swell and burst but a plan…

in pure water an animal cell will swell and burst but a plant cell will not burst.which structure in the plant cell is responsible for this difference

 

solution

**Solution:**

**Introduction**

The differences in the response of animal and plant cells to a pure water environment can be attributed to the unique structural features present in plant cells. One major factor that prevents plant cells from bursting in a hypotonic solution, such as pure water, is the presence of a rigid cell wall. In this essay, we will explore the structure responsible for this difference and the role it plays in maintaining the integrity of plant cells in a hypotonic environment.

**The Role of the Cell Wall**

The cell wall is a crucial component of plant cells and is responsible for providing structural support and protection. It is primarily made up of cellulose, a complex carbohydrate. The cell wall surrounds the cell membrane, acting as an external protective layer.

**Osmosis and Hypotonic Solution**

To understand why plant cells do not burst in a hypotonic solution, let us first discuss the concept of osmosis. Osmosis is the movement of water molecules across a semipermeable membrane, from an area of lower solute concentration to an area of higher solute concentration. In a hypotonic solution, there is a higher concentration of water molecules outside the cell compared to the inside of the cell. As a result, water molecules tend to move into the cell, causing it to swell.

**The Role of the Cell Wall in Preventing Cell Bursting**

The presence of a rigid cell wall in plant cells prevents them from bursting in a hypotonic solution. When water molecules move into the cell through osmosis, the rigid cell wall exerts pressure on the cell membrane, counteracting the inward force of water. This pressure is known as turgor pressure or osmotic pressure. The cell wall maintains the shape and integrity of the plant cell, preventing it from bursting under the increased pressure caused by the influx of water.

**Conclusion**

In conclusion, the cell wall is the structure responsible for the difference in response between animal and plant cells in a pure water environment. The rigid cell wall in plant cells provides support and protection, preventing the cell from bursting under the high osmotic pressure caused by the influx of water. Understanding the role of the cell wall is vital in comprehending the survival strategies of plants in different environmental conditions.

**References**

1. Alberts, B., Johnson, A., Lewis, J., Raff, M., Roberts, K., & Walter, P. (2014). Molecular biology of the cell. Garland Science.
2. Lodish, H., Berk, A., Kaiser, C. A., Krieger, M., Scott, M. P., Bretscher, A., … & Matsudaira, P. (2008). Molecular cell biology. Macmillan.
3. Taiz, L., & Zeiger, E. (2010). Plant physiology. Sinauer Associates.

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